Advertisement


Advertisement

Thread Rating:
  • 0 Vote(s) - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
General News Driverless cars pose social dilemma: study
#1
Advertisement
Washington, Jun 26 (PTI) Driverless cars may pose a social dilemma with most people wanting to live in a world where autonomous vehicles minimise casualties, but at the same time protect them at all costs, a new study has found.

Autonomous vehicles are programmed with a set of safety rules, and it is not hard to build a scenario in which such rules come into conflict with each other, researchers said.

"Suppose a driverless car must either hit a pedestrian or swerve in such a way that it crashes and harms its passengers. What should it be instructed to do?" they said.

A group of scientists, including a researcher from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US, found that the public is conflicted over such scenarios, taking a notably inconsistent approach to the safety of autonomous vehicles, should they become a reality on the roads.
In a series of surveys, researchers found that people generally take a utilitarian approach to safety ethics - they would prefer autonomous vehicles to minimise casualties in situations of extreme danger.

That would mean, say, having a car with one rider swerve off the road and crash to avoid a crowd of 10 pedestrians. At the same time, the surveys respondents said they would be much less likely to use a vehicle programmed that way.

Essentially, people want driverless cars that are as pedestrian-friendly as possible - except for the vehicles they would be riding in, researchers said.

"Most people want to live in in a world where cars will minimise casualties. But everybody want their own car to protect them at all costs," said Iyad Rahwan from MIT.

The result is what researchers call a "social dilemma," in which people could end up making conditions less safe for everyone by acting in their own self-interest.

"If everybody does that, then we would end up in a tragedy, whereby the cars will not minimise casualties," said Rahwan.

The results consistently showed that people will take a utilitarian approach to the ethics of autonomous vehicles, one emphasising the sheer number of lives that could be saved.

For instance, 76 per cent of respondents believe it is more moral for an autonomous vehicle, should such a circumstance arise, to sacrifice one passenger rather than 10 pedestrians, researchers said.

But the surveys also showed a lack of enthusiasm for buying or using a driverless car programmed to avoid pedestrians at the expense of its own passengers, they said.

One question asked respondents to rate the morality of an autonomous vehicle programmed to crash and kill its own passenger to save 10 pedestrians; the rating dropped by a third when respondents considered the possibility of riding in such a car.

Similarly, people were strongly opposed to the idea of the government regulating driverless cars to ensure they would be programmed with utilitarian principles, researchers said.

The findings were published in the journal Science.

Source:
___________________________________________
Airtel Digital HD Recorder / Kerala Vision Digital TV
Reply
Thanks given by:
Advertisement
Advertisement




Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  General News: Driverless Car Tested on UK Streets for the First Time nairrk 0 803 10-12-2016, 07:44 PM
Last Post: nairrk
  General News: Volvo cars in India might start using radar based safety tech nairrk 0 670 06-27-2016, 06:30 PM
Last Post: nairrk
  General News: Delhi Government Bans Retrofitting CNG Conversion Kits in In-Use Cars nairrk 0 646 06-26-2016, 07:36 PM
Last Post: nairrk
  Maruti Suzuki recalls over 33,000 Alto cars SRK 0 626 03-10-2015, 06:21 PM
Last Post: SRK
  Maruti sold 2 Lakh Ritz Cars Mobilespedia 0 1,058 05-04-2012, 10:50 PM
Last Post: Mobilespedia
Tongue General News:  Cars used by Indian Billionaires.. nairrk 0 1,621 02-17-2011, 12:33 PM
Last Post: nairrk
  Help: Ratan Tata dreams of cars running on water: Scientist Mr.Bhat 0 768 12-31-2010, 05:05 PM
Last Post: Mr.Bhat
Information Help: Top 5 much awaited economy cars in India.!! nairrk 0 1,076 12-04-2010, 05:10 PM
Last Post: nairrk
Information Help: 10 most searched Hatchback cars.!!! nairrk 0 811 12-01-2010, 06:32 PM
Last Post: nairrk
  Breaking News: Driverless electric vans travel successfully from Italy to China nairrk 0 752 10-30-2010, 06:20 PM
Last Post: nairrk

Forum Jump:


Users browsing this thread: 1 Guest(s)
Advertisement